Node js vs PHP: Which is Better for Backend Development in 2022

4 min read | By Admin | 19 January 2022 | Frameworks

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Over the past few decades, the popularity of app programming languages has skyrocketed in the tech-driven world. As well, day-to-day, the realm of application development is constantly advancing with the increased revenue of the industry every year.

In a nutshell, if you want to tap into the app market by creating your own app, this is always the perfect time to get started. If you’re a business owner, we’re recommending web apps as the ideal choice to streamline your business at the next level.

At the large-scale of programming languages, PHP and Node js is magnificent for web app development by offering seamless performance. Both Node.js and PHP can drive the web because they are the comprehensively utilized server-side technologies, and both will run web apps of any intricacy.

PHP is a programming language and Node js is a runtime environment, both are widely used as backend technologies for web app development. At the same time, the differences between them are significant because they are structured in different concepts and architecture. However, these technologies are similar from a server-side perspective.

Okay! Don’t be confused yourself, we’ve got a viable solution to choose the better one for your web app. Let’s take a detailed analysis of Node js vs PHP in this article.

Difference Overview: Node js vs PHP

php vs nodejs

Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment. Initially released on 27 May 2009 and it is only 12 years old. Node.js runs the V8 JavaScript engine, the core of Google Chrome, outside of the browser. This allows Node.js to be very performant.

Node.js runs on various platforms: Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, etc. Node.js writes command-line tools using JavaScript, and server-side scripting – a running script that allows you to create dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser using the server page.

Node.js brings event-driven programming to web servers, enabling the development of fast web servers in JavaScript. Developers can create scalable servers without using threading, by using a simplified model of event-driven programming that uses callbacks to signal the completion of a task.

PHP is an acronym of: “Hypertext Preprocessor”. It is a widely-used, open source scripting language that can be executed on the server-side. PHP is well suited for web development. Therefore, it is used to develop web apps that execute on the server and generate the dynamic page.

PHP was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, but only appeared on the market in 1995. PHP is faster than other scripting languages, for example, ASP and JSP. PHP is a server-side scripting language, which is used to manage the dynamic content of the website.

PHP supports several protocols such as HTTP, POP3, SNMP, LDAP, IMAP, and many more. Using the PHP language, you can control the user to access some pages of your website. As PHP is easy to install and set up, this is the main reason why PHP is the best language to work with.

PHP vs Node js Performance

Performance is one of the prominent features of web app development. Fast applications will delight their users, developers, and business partners.

Synchronous vs Asynchronous

Node.js is asynchronous and PHP is synchronous. This can be an important area for those investing in Node vs PHP discourse. In terms of concurrency, Node.js and PHP are complete opposites.

Node.js has a JavaScript engine that can execute all code instantly without having to wait for one function to return and execute another command. Due to the seamless I/O model driven by this event, everything happens at the same time, making Node.js incredibly fast.

PHP, on the other hand, is synchronized using parallel multithreaded blocking I/O. Before proceeding to the next line, one must wait until a function returns. The asynchronous design of Node.js puts the framework ahead of PHP. So, in terms of, is Node js better than PHP? Node js is speedy.

Frameworks and Modules

The modules and frameworks can result in a tie for the Node js and PHP deliberation.

In PHP, you can use PEAR to access reusable components and Composer to manage your package dependencies. Through Node.js you’ll have the Node Package Manager available to you where you can publish and use packages with ease.

Using the command-line interface (CLI) installation for Node.js is relatively stress-free, but there are no major differences between the two, except that the criteria are not sufficient.

Node.js and PHP have similar privileges for their respective modules and frameworks.


Node.js and PHP should be your top choices if you want to prioritize speed for web development. As a matter of fact, PHP 7 is twice as fast as its predecessor, PHP 5.

But when you compare Node.js and PHP directly, Node.js is much faster than PHP in execution. Contrasting Node.js vs. PHP in speed and performance, Node js triumphs.


PHP has built-in database support. In comparison, with Node.js you need to connect to databases through npm libraries.

This is not exactly a flaw, but it highlights PHP’s very deliberate commitment to database support.

PHP’s intentional nature makes it the winner in the category of databases for Node js vs PHP laravel.


Node.js is generally preferred for scalability over PHP because it requires more than average capacity in the language to build complex PHP applications.

Node js will bestow more scalability than PHP language.

Why is Node js Good for Backend Development?

In web development, the backend is the most important part of any application. Therefore, developers focus on it and use the best solutions and technology to make it work properly.

✤Node.js backend development is concise because it offers many features that are not possible in any event-oriented environment.

Node js handles simultaneous tasks since it is non-blocking and supports async functions.

✤It performs high-level data streaming and is also suitable for developing software for different platforms regardless of the underlying operating system.

✤Node js programming language is fast as it stores its data in native JSON.

✤Applications developed in Node.js can be scaled and offer relatively higher performance.

Why is PHP Good for Backend Development?

✤PHP is supported by mostly all the operating systems like Windows, Unix, Linux, etc. Advanced PHP apps can easily be deployed on any platform.

PHP contains high-performance workflow modules, and many modules available in PHP include graphics and PDF.

✤PHP is an open-source web language and it can work efficiently with different databases, such as Apache, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.

✤PHP is easily linked to the database and makes communication secure with data. So, PHP and its database connection solve the purpose of creating web apps.

✤The PHP framework is mainly used to make web application development easy and automatically coded.

What Do You Choose For Your Backend Development? PHP or Node js

Through having tremendous advantages both PHP and Node js are being most popular for backend development. When it comes to performance and speed Node js is faster.

Primarily you have to understand the required and essentials for your web app. Once you have decided on ideas for your project, let’s concentrate on pick-out the best programming language.

For that we’ve delineated two backend languages Node js and PHP with their features and benefits in this article. Hence before choosing do consider this elucidation.

If you need further assistance with your web app project, don’t hesitate to reach out to us. Our services will provide 24/7 support to skyrocket your business standard to the one step ahead in the industry.


Node.js is a runtime environment that uses JavaScript for server-side programming, offering non-blocking I/O and high concurrency. PHP is a scripting language specifically designed for web development, known for its simplicity and wide hosting support.

Choose Node.js if you prioritize scalability and real-time applications, thanks to its event-driven architecture. Opt for PHP if you need a more traditional approach with a large library of frameworks like Laravel and WordPress.

Node.js is often preferred for building RESTful APIs due to its asynchronous nature, which enables handling multiple connections efficiently, while PHP can also be used but may have limitations in high-concurrency scenarios.

Node.js generally offers better performance for handling a large number of concurrent connections due to its event-driven, non-blocking architecture, whereas PHP’s performance can vary based on the server setup and optimizations.

Node.js might have a steeper learning curve due to its asynchronous programming model, but it can lead to faster development once mastered. PHP’s simpler syntax and widespread familiarity can result in quicker initial development for some projects.

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